Pearl Millet - A Nutrient-Rich Grain with Health Benefits

Pearl Millet - A Nutrient-Rich Grain with Health Benefits

Dec 19, 2023UDM Digital

What is Pearl Millet?

Pearl millet, known as Bajra in Hindi and Bengali, Sajjalu in Telugu, Kambu in Tamil and Malayalam, Sajje in Kannada, and Bajri in Gujarati, is a widely cultivated millet in India and West Africa. Scientifically named Cenchrus americanus, it is also referred to as African Millet or Spiked Millet in various regions. Archaeobotanical research traces Bajra cultivation back to 2000 BC in the Hallur district of Karnataka. Today, Rajasthan stands as the top producer of Bajra due to its resilience in harsh climates, drought, and low soil fertility.

Pearl Millet Nutrition:

Pearl Millet Nutritional Value per 100g

Here's a glimpse of the nutritional value of Pearl Millet per 100 grams:

Energy: 1456 KJ

Carbohydrates: 61.78 gm

Protein: 10.96 gm

Fat: 5.43 gm

Fiber: 11.49 gm

Know more about millet Millets Nutrition Value and millet types

Benefits of Pearl Millets:

Managing Diabetes:

Pearl millet, abundant in magnesium, facilitates the regulation of glucose receptors and reduces insulin resistance, providing effective control for individuals managing diabetes. Its incorporation into a diabetic diet is known for maintaining stable glucose levels over an extended period.

Heart Health Promotion:

Pearl millet supports heart health with its omega-3 fats, magnesium, potassium, fiber, and plant lignans. Omega-3 oils lower blood pressure and triglycerides, while magnesium and potassium contribute to cardiovascular well-being. The fiber content reduces bad cholesterol, promoting overall heart health. Additionally, the plant lignans in pearl millet have been linked to antioxidant benefits, further protecting the heart from oxidative stress.

Weight Management:

The complex carbohydrates in pearl millet ensure slow absorption, increasing satiety and providing sustained energy release, supporting effective weight management by preventing overeating. Moreover, the nutrient density of pearl millet makes it an excellent choice for those looking to nourish their bodies while managing weight.

Gluten-Free Alternative:

Pearl millet serves as an ideal gluten-free option, particularly beneficial for those with gluten intolerance or celiac disease. Pearl millet roti stands out as a healthier choice among various roti varieties. Choosing pearl millet as a gluten-free alternative not only addresses dietary restrictions but also adds nutritional value to the diet.

Addressing Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS):

The iron and fiber content in pearl millet prove beneficial in managing PCOS, a hormonal disorder affecting women. It helps in reducing visceral fat, regulating menstrual cycles, and mitigating associated symptoms. Including pearl millet in the diet becomes a holistic approach to managing PCOS by addressing both nutritional and hormonal aspects.

Digestive Health:

Pearl millet, being gluten-free, promotes good digestion and prevents constipation. Its regular consumption, with insoluble fiber, adds bulk to stool and regulates bowel movements. For individuals struggling with digestive issues, incorporating pearl millet can contribute to a healthier gut microbiome, promoting overall digestive well-being.

Natural Detoxification:

Loaded with antioxidants like phenols, tannins, and phytic acid, pearl millet acts as a natural detoxifier, preventing strokes, cardiovascular problems, and certain types of cancers. The catechins and quercetin in pearl millet not only cleanse the liver and kidneys but also promote beautiful skin. Regular consumption becomes a holistic approach to internal and external health.

Enhancing Lung Power:

The anti-inflammatory properties and omega-3 oils in pearl millet make it beneficial, especially for individuals with asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), aiding in reducing swelling and improving respiratory function. Its positive impact on lung health is attributed to its ability to cleanse the mucosa, ensuring proper breathing. Including pearl millet in the diet becomes a supportive measure for respiratory well-being.

Combatting Heartburn:

As an alkaline food, pearl millet is effective in combating acidity, reducing discomfort associated with heartburn. Combining pearl millet with vegetables can significantly alleviate acidity symptoms. Moreover, the alkaline nature of pearl millet supports a balanced pH in the stomach, preventing the accumulation of gases and offering comprehensive relief from heartburn.

Strengthening Bones:

With its phosphorus-rich composition, pearl millet strengthens bones, making it particularly beneficial for individuals over 30 experiencing joint pains and aiming to prevent chronic diseases like osteoporosis. Including pearl millet in the diet becomes a proactive measure to maintain bone health, especially as the body ages. 


In summary, Pearl Millet, known as Bajra, is a nutritionally dense and culturally significant grain cultivated widely in India and West Africa. Beyond its rich history, Pearl Millet offers a myriad of health benefits, from managing diabetes and promoting heart health to aiding in weight management and providing a gluten-free alternative. Its diverse advantages extend to addressing conditions like PCOS, supporting digestive health, acting as a natural detoxifier, and enhancing respiratory well-being. With its phosphorus-rich composition, Pearl Millet also plays a crucial role in strengthening bones. In essence, incorporating Pearl Millet into the diet reflects a holistic approach to health, showcasing its versatility and positive impact on various facets of well-being.


  1. What is Pearl Millet Called in India?

Pearl Millet is known as Bajra in India.

  1. What is the Benefits of Pearl Millet?

Pearl Millet offers benefits such as diabetes prevention, weight loss support, PCOS prevention, heart health, and easy digestion.

  1. Is Bajra and Pearl Millet the Same?

Yes, Bajra and Pearl Millet are the same.

  1. Is Pearl Millet a Ragi?

No, Pearl Millet is not Ragi. Ragi is a different type of millet.

  1. Is Bajra Hot or Cold for the Body?

Bajra is considered a warming food for the body.

  1. Who Should Not Eat Bajra?

Individuals with allergies or sensitivities to Bajra should avoid it.

  1. What Happens if We Eat Bajra Daily?

Eating Bajra daily can contribute to overall health, but moderation is key. Consultation with a nutritionist is advised.

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